After G20 leaders adopted the historic ‘Delhi Declaration’, India and Brazil issued a joint statement reaffirming their commitment to the G20 as the premier forum for international economic cooperation to deliver solutions for the shared world.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva met in New Delhi on September 10, 2023, at the sidelines of the G20 Summit.
The two leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the comprehensive reform of the Security Council including its expansion in the permanent and non-permanent categories, with increased representation of developing countries in both, to improve its efficiency, effectiveness, representativeness, and legitimacy in order to better meet contemporary challenges in international peace and security. They reiterated their mutual support for their countries’ permanent membership in an expanded UNSC.
Both sides agreed on having regular bilateral coordination meetings on Security Council Reform. The two leaders expressed disappointment at the paralysis created at the Inter-Governmental Negotiations on UN Security Council reform, which have not produced tangible progress. They agreed that time has come to move towards a result-oriented process that aims to achieve concrete outcomes in a fixed time frame.
PM Modi welcomed President Lula’s announcement of Brazil´s support to the Indian candidature for non-permanent seat of the UNSC for the 2028-2029 term.
Both leaders acknowledged the urgency of a fair and equitable energy transition. They noted the vital role of biofuels and flex-fuel vehicles in decarbonizing the transport sector, especially in developing nations. They commended bilateral initiatives in bioenergy, involving both governmental and private sectors, and celebrated the establishment during India’s G20 presidency of the Global Biofuels Alliance, of which both countries are founding members.
Highlighting their roles as major global food producers, the leaders reaffirmed their resolve to increase cooperation in sustainable agriculture and rural development, including at the multilateral level, with the aim of safeguarding food and nutritional security of both countries and of the world.
They welcomed the establishment of the India-Brazil Business Forum as a dedicated platform for private sector collaboration.
Regarding the recent BRICS Summit in South Africa, both leaders acknowledged its positive outcomes, particularly the renewed and strengthened support for the reform of the United Nations Security Council and the invitations extended to six countries to become full members of BRICS.
Brazilian President Lula congratulated PM Modi for India’s successful G20 presidency and pledged to collaborate closely with India during Brazil’s G20 tenure, commencing in December 2023. Both leaders welcomed the consecutive presidencies of developing countries in the G20, which elevates the Global South’s influence in world governance.